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Acatalasia

Acatalasia (also called acatalasemia, or Takahara's disease) is an autosomal recessive peroxisomal disorder caused by low levels of the enzyme catalase.

Presentation

The disorder is relatively benign, although it causes an increased incidence of periodontal infections, and can under rare circumstances lead to gangrene.

Genetic

Occurrence of acatalasia is often the result of mutation in the CAT gene which codes for the enzyme catalase.

Diagnosis

Management

Epidemiology

Researchers estimate that the condition occurs in every 12,500th person in Japan, every 20,000th in Hungary, and every 20,000th person in Switzerland.

History

In 1948, Dr. Shigeo Takahara (1908–1994), a Japanese otolaryngologist first reported this new disease.Takahara, S.; Miyamoto, H. Three cases of progressive oral gangrene due to lack of catalase in the blood. Nippon Jibi-Inkoka Gakkai Kaiho 51: 163 only, 1948. He had examined a patient with an oral ulcer. He had spread hydrogen peroxide on the diseased part, but oxygen was not generated due to the lack of catalase.

See also

References

"green air" © 2007 - Ingo Malchow, Webdesign Neustrelitz
This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acatalasia, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acatalasia&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany