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Alfred Hershey

Alfred Day Hershey (December 4, 1908 – May 22, 1997) was an American Nobel Prize–winning bacteriologist and geneticist. He was born in Owosso, Michigan and received his B.S. in chemistry at Michigan State University in 1930 and his Ph.D. in bacteriology in 1934, taking a position shortly thereafter at the Department of Bacteriology at Washington University in St. Louis. He began performing experiments with bacteriophages with Italian-American Salvador Luria, German Max Delbrück, Indian-Canadian Adam Hasnain, and Serbian Mila Huhtala in 1940, and observed that when two different strains of bacteriophage have infected the same bacteria, the two viruses may exchange genetic information. He moved with his research partner Martha Chase to Laurel Hollow, New York, in 1950 to join the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Genetics, where he and Martha Chase performed the famous Hershey–Chase experiment in 1952. This experiment provided additional evidence that DNA, not protein, was the genetic material of life. He became director of the Carnegie Institution in 1962 and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969, shared with Salvador Luria and Max Delbrück for their discovery on the replication of viruses and their genetic structure. In 1981, Hershey became a founding member of the World Cultural Council. Hershey had 1 child, Peter Manning Hershey (1956-1999) with his wife Harriet (often called Jill) (1918-2000). The family was active in the social network of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories and regularly enjoyed the beach in season. Hershey was a Christian.http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15659493 After Hershey died, another phage worker, Frank Stahl, wrote: "The Phage Church, as we were sometimes called (see Phage group), was led by the Trinity of Delbrück, Luria, and Hershey. Delbrück's status as founder and his ex cathedra manner made him the pope, of course, and Luria was the hard-working, socially sensitive priest-confessor. And Al (Hershey) was the saint."http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/biomems/ahershey.html

Notes

References

  • {{cite journal
|last=Stahl |first=F W |authorlink= |year=2001|title=Alfred Day Hershey |journal= Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) |volume=80 |issue= |pages=142–59 |publisher= |location = United States| issn = | pmid = 15202470 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|doi=10.4065/79.5.590 |last=Shampo |first=Marc A |authorlink= |author2=Kyle Robert A |date=May 2004 |title=Alfred Hershey--Nobel Prize for work in virology |journal= Mayo Clin. Proc. |volume=79 |issue=5 |pages=590 |publisher= |location = United States| issn = 0025-6196| pmid = 15132399 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Shampo |first=M A |authorlink= |author2=Kyle R A |date=November 1999 |title=Max Delbrück and molecular genetics |journal= Mayo Clin. Proc. |volume=74 |issue=11 |pages=1124 |publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0025-6196| pmid = 10560600 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = | doi=10.4065/74.11.1124 }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Raju |first=T N |authorlink= |date=August 1999 |title=The Nobel chronicles. 1969: Max Delbrück (1906-81); Salvador Luria (1912-91); and Alfred Hershey (1908-97) |journal= Lancet |volume=354 |issue=9180 |pages=784 |publisher= |location = ENGLAND| issn = 0140-6736| pmid = 10475234 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = | doi = 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)76036-0 }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Campbell |first=A |authorlink= |author2=Stahl F W |year=1998|title=Alfred D. Hershey |journal= Annu. Rev. Genet. |volume=32 |issue= 1|pages=1–6 |publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0066-4197| pmid = 9928472 |doi = 10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.1 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Stahl |first=F W |authorlink= |date=May 1998 |title=Hershey |journal= Genetics |volume=149 |issue=1 |pages=1–6 |publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0016-6731| pmid = 9584081 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = |pmc=1460125 }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Cairns |first=J |authorlink= |date=July 1997 |title=Alfred Hershey (1908-97) |journal= Nature |volume=388 |issue=6638 |pages=130 |publisher= |location = ENGLAND| issn = 0028-0836| pmid = 9217149 |doi = 10.1038/40529 | bibcode = 1997Natur.388..130.| oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|date=February 1970 |title= prize winners of 1969 |journal= Orvosi Hetilap |volume=111 |issue=8 |pages=453–5 |publisher= |location = HUNGARY| issn = 0030-6002| pmid = 4906087 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Datta |first=R K |authorlink= |author2=Datta B |date=December 1969 |title=Nobel prize winners in medicine |journal= Journal of the Indian Medical Association |volume=53 |issue=12 |pages=610–1 |publisher= |location = INDIA| issn = 0019-5847| pmid = 4903713 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=de Haan |first=P G |authorlink= |date=December 1969 |title= Hershey and Luria, Nobel Prize winners |journal= Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde |volume=113 |issue=49 |pages=2198–9 |publisher= |location = NETHERLANDS| issn = 0028-2162| pmid = 4903007 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}
  • {{cite journal
|last=Malmgren |first=B |authorlink= |date=October 1969 |title= Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to 3 bacteriophage researchers |journal= Nordisk medicin |volume=82 |issue=44 |pages=1369–75 |publisher= |location = Sweden| issn = 0029-1420| pmid = 4903832 | bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote = }}

External links

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This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Hershey, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alfred_Hershey&action=history
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