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Haketia

Haketia (, ) (also written as Hakitia or Haquitía) is an endangered Jewish Romance language also known as Djudeo Spañol, Ladino Occidental, or Western Judaeo-Spanish. It was historically spoken by the North African Sephardim La Haketia in the Moroccan cities of Tétouan, Tangier, Asilah, Larache and the Spanish towns of Ceuta and Melilla. Tetuani Ladino was also spoken in Oran, Algeria.

Description

The well-known form of Judaeo-Spanish spoken by Jews living in the Balkans, Greece, Turkey and Jerusalem is "Ladino Oriental" (eastern Ladino). Haketia may be described by contrast as "Ladino Occidental". The language is a variety of Spanish that borrows heavily from Judeo-Moroccan Arabic. It evidently also contains a number of words of Hebrew origin and was originally written using Hebrew letters. There is some cultural resemblance between the two Judaeo-Spanish dialect communities, including a rich shared stock of Romanzas (ballads) from medieval Spain, though both words and music often differ in detail (as indeed they do between one Oriental-Sephardic community and another). The name "Haketia" derived from the Arabic ḥaká حكى, "tell", and is therefore pronounced with , reflecting the Arabic . In some places it is written "Jaquetía" with the same pronunciation. Haketia is considered to have influenced Llanito, the spoken in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar due to migration of Moroccan Jews.

Modern use

Haketia, unlike other varieties of Judaeo-Spanish, did not develop a literary tradition and so the language remained as a colloquial form of communication and was not used as a vehicle for formal education since in Spanish Morocco, Spanish was used, along with French, at the Alliance Israélite Universelle schools. The influence of the Spanish and French conquests and the large number of Jews from northern Morocco who emigrated to Venezuela, Spain and later Argentina, the language was levelled with modern Spanish, which has contributed greatly to its extinction. Still, there has been a slow renaissance of the language, helped by musicians such as , Mor Karbasi and , among others. and have both compiled Spanish-Haketía Haketía: El Djudeo-Espagnol de la Afrika del Nord dictionaries, published in 1977 and 1995, respectively. The publishes regularly articles in Haketia in its magazine Magen-Escudo.

References

External links

"green air" © 2007 - Ingo Malchow, Webdesign Neustrelitz
This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haketia, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haketia&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany