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Mas'ud Hai Rakkah

Mas'ud Hai Rakkaḥ ( ,1690 – July 24, 1768), also spelled Raccah, was a Sephardi Hakham and shadar (rabbinical emissary) who led the 18th-century Jewish community of Tripoli, Libya, for 20 years. He was considered one of Libya's leading rabbis and is credited with laying the foundation for that community's development into one of "sages, scribes, and kabbalists". He is the author of Ma'aseh Rokeaḥ (), a four-volume commentary on Maimonides Mishneh Torah.

Biography

Mas'ud Hai Rakkaḥ was born in Smyrna, Turkey, the son of Aharon Rakkaḥ. According to the Encyclopaedia Judaica, he was likely descended from the Rakkaḥ family of Venice, and married the daughter of Isaac Rakkah. In his youth, he studied under Rabbi Yitzhak Hacohen Rappaport and Rabbi Hayyim Abulafia, developing into a Talmid Chacham of note. He emigrated to Jerusalem with his teacher, Rabbi Rappaport.{{cite web |url=http://www.virtualjudaica.com/Item/27622/Ma'aseh_Roke'ah_Part_III|title= Ma'aseh Rokeaḥ Part III|publisher=Virtual Judaica|year=2010|accessdate=25 January 2015}} When the Jerusalem community experienced difficult economic times, it dispatched shadarim (rabbinical emissaries) to collect funds from the Jewish diaspora. Rakkaḥ was chosen to travel to Jewish communities in North Africa. He set out for Tunisia, Morocco, and Libya, and upon arriving in Tripoli, sent letters to the communities of Venice and Livorno before visiting them as well. Rakkaḥ arrived in Venice in 1729 and stayed for two years. He next traveled to Livorno, residing there from 1731 to 1736 and serving as one of the city's leaders. The Libyan Jewish community at that time was at a spiritual nadir. Upon Rakkaḥ's return to Tripoli in 1749, the community leaders asked him to stay and lead them. Rakkaḥ agreed and was appointed Av Beit Din (head of the rabbinical court) and Chief Rabbi of Tripoli. He opened a yeshiva in Tripoli and exerted a strong influence on all Libyan Jews. Rakkaḥ was considered one of Libya's leading rabbis. He trained students who became the future hakhamim and dayanim (rabbinical judges) of North African Jewry, including Hakhamim Nathan Adadi (his son-in-law), Shalom Flus, Moshe Lachmish, Binyamin Vaturi, and David Tayyar. Rakkaḥ's descendants further built the Libyan Jewish community, including his great-grandson, Abraham Hayyim Adadi, Av Beit Din of Tripoli, and his great-great-grandson, Jacob Rakkah, a leading Sephardi posek (arbiter of Jewish law) and author of approximately 40 sefarim. Rakkaḥ served the Libyan Jewish community for 20 years until his death on July 24, 1768 (10 Av 5528) at the age of 78. He is buried in Tripoli.

Works

Rakkaḥ saw the publication of the first volume of the Ma'aseh Rokeaḥ (),The title comes from Exodus 30:25; the second word contains the letters of the author's surname. his novellae and commentary on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, in Venice in 1742-1743. Volume 2 was published by his great-grandson, Abraham Hayyim Adadi, in Livorno in 1862. Volume 3 was published in Livorno in 1863 by his great-great-grandson, Jacob Rakkah. Volume 4 was published in Jerusalem in 1964 by Rabbi Shmuel Akiva Yaffe-Schlesinger. The inscription on Rakkaḥ's gravestone appears at the beginning of Volume 4. Rakkaḥ's novellae on the Talmud, commentary on the Five Megillot, and drashot (sermons) remained in handwritten manuscripts, some of which were lost.

Rakkah-Adadi family tree

References

External links

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This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mas'ud_Hai_Rakkah, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mas'ud_Hai_Rakkah&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany