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MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant designed to protect against oxidative damage within mitochondria, an essential organelle within most cells that use oxygen to break down carbohydrates and fat to release energy in a form the cell can use. MitoQ was designed to decrease mitochondrial oxidative damage and has undergone clinical trials in humans with positive and negative results.E.J. Gane, F. Weilert, D.W. Orr, G.F. Keogh, M. Gibson, M.M. Lockhart, C.M. Frampton, K.M. Taylor, R.A. Smith, M.P. Murphy, The mitochondria-targeted anti-oxidant mitoquinone decreases liver damage in a phase II study of hepatitis C patients, Liver Int, 30 (2010) 1019–1026.B.J. Snow, F.L. Rolfe, M.M. Lockhart, C.M. Frampton, J.D. O'Sullivan, V. Fung, R.A. Smith, M.P. Murphy, K.M. Taylor, A double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ as a disease-modifying therapy in Parkinson's disease, Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 25 (2010) 1670–1674.R.A. Smith, M.P. Murphy, Animal and human studies with the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1201 (2010) 96-103.

Design and synthesis

MitoQ was designed in the late 1990s as a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant by Michael P. Murphy and Robin A. J. Smith,G.F. Kelso, C.M. Porteous, C.V. Coulter, G. Hughes, W.K. Porteous, E.C. Ledgerwood, R.A. Smith, M.P. Murphy, Selective targeting of a redox-active ubiquinone to mitochondria within cells: antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties, The Journal of biological chemistry, 276 (2001) 4588-4596. and synthesised by Geoffrey Kelso., at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.


External links

"green air" © 2007 - Ingo Malchow, Webdesign Neustrelitz
This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MitoQ, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MitoQ&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany