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A nanocrystal is a material particle having at least one dimension smaller than 100 nanometres, based on quantum dots |author=J. L. Burt |year=2005 |title=Beyond Archimedean solids: Star polyhedral gold nanocrystals |journal=J. Cryst. Growth |volume=285 |pages=681 |doi=10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2005.09.060 }} The size of nanocrystals distinguishes them from larger crystals. For example, silicon nanocrystals can provide efficient light emission while bulk silicon does not When embedded in solids, nanocrystals may exhibit much more complex melting behaviour than conventional solids Semiconductor nanocrystals having dimensions smaller than 10 nm are also described as quantum dots.


The traditional method involves molecular precursors, which can include typical metal salts and a source of the anion. Most semiconducting nanomaterials feature chalcogenide (SS−, SeS−, TeS−) and pnicnides (P3−, As3−, Sb3−). Sources of these elements are the silylated derivatives such as bis(trimethylsilyl)sulfide (S(SiMe3)2 and tris(trimethylsilylphosphine (P(SiMe3)3). Some procedures use surfactants to solubilize the growing nanocrystals. In some cases, nanocrystals can exchange their elements with reagents through atomic diffusion.


Nanocrystals made with zeolite are used to filter crude oil onto diesel fuel at an ExxonMobil oil refinery in Louisiana at a cost less than conventional methods.

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"green air" © 2007 - Ingo Malchow, Webdesign Neustrelitz
This article based upon the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanocrystal, the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Further informations available on the list of authors and history: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nanocrystal&action=history
presented by: Ingo Malchow, Mirower Bogen 22, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany